November 14 is the world day of the Diabetes and I have believed suitably to do an article because there are three hundred million people with diabetes in the world. The Diabetes Mellitus type I is the most frequent second chronic disease in the infancy. what is the disease? What we all know is a high concentration detects of glucose in blood, and that we need from the insulin to offset it. But it happens that a deficit exists in the production on the part of the pancreas of the regulatory hormone of levels of glucose in blood, the insulin. This deficit generates an increase in the glucose that he leads to a physiological decompensation in the child and that can finish in a Diabetic acidose with serious repercussions.
The diabetes can appear prematurely from the first months of life up to 30 years, but it is more frequent between 5-10 years of age and the puberty. When the child comes to the hospital with symptoms, the disease already has made début of form silent, the clinic has sharpened and his health has deteriorated.
Which are these symptoms? As a general rule the child begins with many desire of urinating of frequent form, even during the night, consumes big quantities of water a day to compensate the excess of urine. There appears an excessive hunger accompanied of a loss of weight. These children though they eat more of habitual, the cells do not have sufficient energy and those of reservation are mobilized, for this reason, they are often tired.
Although symptoms in the children diagnosis is difficult, well because they do not demonstrate the symptoms or because the parents in occasions attribute to the heat, to the summer or kind of life this conducts. A diagnosis is typically made with a blood glucose test. Measuring the levels of sugar in the blood in a condition called pre-diabetes, if the fasting blood sugar level is elevated is a condition that increases the risk of developing full-blown diabetes.
A simple test of urine, it is what us will determine a diabetic début. Paediatric nursing unit assumes the emotional impact of the parents when they receive the news of the diabetes in his son, developing an important labor of support and a relation of help to assimilate the new way of life, the diet, the new dynamics and daily checks of glucose.
Is prevention possible? Though the trigger factors are not defined, there is a genetic predisposition, but it is possible to avoid how? With a healthy supply, a bit of physical exercise, avoiding the sedentary life and a rich supply in fibers and low in sugar.